Ressources retour au pays

Ce topic est dédié à rassembler diverses ressources (articles, études, etc) sur la problématique du retour au pays, insuffisament prise au sérieux tant par la gauche (pour qui l'immigration de masse est en soi souhaitable) que par les conservateurs (dont l'horizon est l'assimilation et qui n'envisagent le retour au pays que sous un angle punitif). Nous nous intéressons ici au retour au pays au sens large. Cela peut concerner des migrants récents (demandeurs d'asile, réfugiés, expatriés) ou des personnes descendantes de personnes ayant migré plus anciennement.

Ce topic rassemble des ressources hétéroclites de qualité et de fiabilité variable. Le topic est un outil de travail et non un produit fini.

Prière de ne pas se formaliser de l'aspect brouillon du topic.

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Article du Washington Post à propos d'une étude portant sur les obstacles au retour au pays pesant sur les réfugiés et demandeurs d'asile syriens :

What do refugees themselves want?
International refugee law requires that any return be safe, voluntary, dignified and sustainable. So what do Syrian refugees themselves think about returning home? To date, much of the discussion around return has largely focused on geopolitical interests and tends to miss the critical perspective of Syrian refugees themselves.

To understand how Syrian refugees think about returning, we conducted a nationally representative survey, conducting face-to-face interviews with more than 3,000 Syrian refugee households in Lebanon between August and October 2019. The study reveals that while only 5 percent of refugees wanted to return within a year, the majority of refugees (63 percent) hoped to return at some point.

We also wanted to find out what influences people’s decision about return. Many refugee-hosting governments around the world limit refugees’ right to work and make it difficult to access legal residency and full protections under the law. These measures are in part based on a widespread presumption that if refugees find life in a host country difficult, they are more likely to return home. To test this implicit theory, we analyzed data from our large sample of Syrian refugees in Lebanon, as well as results from an embedded experiment within the survey.

Does covid-19 raise the risk of violent conflict? Not everywhere.

Refugees pay close attention to the situation in Syria

Our study finds that conditions in Syria are the most important factors in the decision to return — not conditions in Lebanon, the host country for these refugees. Respondents cared most about their physical safety and security in their place of origin. Syrians are not only weighing the threat of persecution by the Assad government, including forced disappearances and arbitrary detentions, but also compulsory military conscription, tight economic conditions and the lack of public services.

Syrians who reported suffering from difficult conditions in Lebanon — including lack of work, precarious housing, insufficient humanitarian aid and widespread discrimination — were no more likely to say they plan to return. The choice to continue living in exile is difficult, but apparently still clear for most Syrians in Lebanon: They don’t want to return home before conditions in Syria meaningfully improve. As one Syrian woman from Aleppo told us: “My country is at war, so we cannot return. But here [in Lebanon], we cannot live.”

https://www.washingtonpost.com/politics/2020/12/24/syria-some-host-governments-want-refugees-go-home-what-do-refugees-think/

Article de Schengenvisainfos sur les raisons pour lesquelles 66% des demandeurs d'asile syriens ne veulent pour le moment par rentrer chez eux

“Syria: Situation of returnees from abroad” report reveals that during January and February 2021, there were almost 5,000 repeated applications in the same country, marking the highest number of applications since 2016, SchengenVisaInfo.com reports.

The COI report also notes that from September 2020 to February 2021, the figure of applications by Syrians has doubled compared to the previous six-month period.

At the same time, Syrian applications pending at the first trial have reached the 50,400 figure, marking a 38 per cent increase. Over this period, the EU+ recognition rate for Syrians was relatively stable compared to the previous six months, marking an 86 per cent rise.

The report also elaborates on the return of Syrians from Europe, Turkey, Lebanon and Jordan, noting that 137 Syrians had returned voluntarily to their home country from Denmark in December 2020. In that case, the Danish government, which is home to 35,000 Syrians, granted about £ 22,000 (€25,764) for each returnee.

Point de vue féminin sur l'espoir du retour.

"‘We thought we would return’: 10 years on, Syrian refugees dream of home – photo essay
A decade after civil war broke out, women who fled to Lebanon are still struggling to build a life amid the country’s unfolding economic crisis. All photographs by Francesca Volpi for the NGO WeWorld

Polémique autour du fait que des influenceurs occidentaux vont en Syrie tandis que des Syriens n'arrivent pas à rentrer chez eux. Pas accès à l'article donc beaucoup de flou. La dame estime que le régime de Bachar Al Assad essaye de redorer son blason en faisant venir des influenceurs occidentaux, tandis qu'il ne fait pas le nécessaire pour permettre à de nombreux réfugiés syriens de rentrer chez eux.